A Global Challenge

A Global Challenge — Texas v. U.S., No. 4:18-cv-167 (N.D. Tex.), and the declaratory judgment suit, State of Maryland v. United States of America, No. 1:18-cv-2849 (D. Md.).


Texas v. U.S. — Supreme Court Briefing and Argument; The Fifth Circuit Decision and the Cert Petitions; The Case Up to the Filings for Certiorari; Materials on Severability; Other Materials, including materials on standing

The Case: Texas v. U.S., No. 4:18-cv-167 (N.D. Tex.); No. 19-10011 (5th Cir.); Nos. 19-840 and 19-841 (cert petitions), No. 19-1019 (conditional cross-petition)


Order, March 19, 2020, which does NOT apply to cases where cert has already been granted:

IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that these modifications to the Court’s Rules and practices do not apply to cases in which certiorari has been granted or a direct appeal or original action has been set for argument.


Parties’ proposed briefing schedule, March 20, 2020

20200320114952520_Nos. 19-840 and 19-1019 – Joint motion for an extension of time to file the briefs on the merits FINAL

Apr 02 2020 Motion to extend the time to file the briefs on the merits granted.



The motion of 33 State Hospital Associations for leave to
file a brief as amici curiae in No. 19-840 is granted. The
petitions for writs of certiorari are granted. The cases are
consolidated, and a total of one hour is allotted for oral


Fifth Circuit opinion with technical revision, December 20, 2019

Fifth Circuit opinion technical revisions 12 20

States’ cert petition, appendix, and motion to expedite, No. 19-840, January 3, 2020

California v. Texas Petition for a Writ of Certiorari FINAL FOR FILING

California v. Texas Petition Appendix

California v. Texas Motion to Expedite Consideration of Petition FINAL FOR FILING

US House’s cert petition (including appendix) and motion to expedite, No. 19-841, January 3, 2020


House ACA Motion to Expedite

Jan 06 2020 Response to motion requested. (Due January 10, 2020, by 4 p.m.)

US opposition to expediting, January 10, 2020

20200110134632635_19-840 19-841 – Cal House – Opp to Motion to Expedite

Texas oppositions to expediting, January 10, 2020

20200110153455478_California v. Texas – Response to Motion to Expedite

20200110154206697_U.S. House v. Texas – Response to Motion to Expedite

Individual plaintiffs’ opposition to expediting, January 10, 2020

20200110155551184_Response to CA and House Motions to Expedite

House reply supporting expediting, January 13, 2020

20200113131655807_19-841 Reply ISO motion to expedite

States’ reply supporting expediting, January 13, 2020

20200113145929345_California v. Texas – Reply in Support of Motion to Expedite Consideration of Petition FINAL FOR FILING

AHIP amicus supporting cert, January 15, 2020


AARP amicus supporting cert, January 15, 2020

20200115120656417_19-840 19-841 ACA Final Brief AARP

Small Business Majority amicus supporting cert, January 15, 2020

20200115133856237_Small Business Majority Cert Amicus Final

American Hospital Ass’n et al amicus supporting cert, January 15, 2020

20200115145909222_California v. Texas – Hospitals Amicus Brief_1.15 Final

American Cancer Society amicus supporting cert, January 15, 2020

20200115164514215_SCOTUS Amici Brief – American Cancer Society separate

33 State Hospital Associations amicus supporting cert, January 15, 2020


Bipartisan Economic Scholars amicus supporting cert, January 15, 2020

20200115174017385_19-840 and 19-841 tsac BipartisanEconomicScholars

Alliance of Community Health Plans amicus supporting cert, January 16, 2020

20200116144602718_Nos. 19-840 19-841 Amicus Brief

Doerre amicus supporting cert, January 17, 2020


(ORDER LIST: 589 U.S.)



 * * *

The motions of petitioners to expedite consideration of the
petitions for writs of certiorari are denied.

Texas/individuals request for extension to 3/17, January 21, 2020

20200121150211693_2020-1-21 ACA Motion for Extension of Time

House response to extension request, January 22, 2020

20200122162327015_19-840 – House Opposition to Motion for Extension of Time

California response to extension request, January 22, 2020

20200122155903631_California v. Texas – Response to Motion for Extension of Time FINAL

Jan 24 2020 Motion to extend the time to file a response to the petition for a writ of certiorari is denied.

Fifth Circuit order declining to rehear the case en banc, January 29, 2020

5C order re no rehearing en banc

House letter waiving right to respond to California, January 31, 2020

20200131132549379_19-840 Letter re CA petition

California letter requesting 2/5 distribution, and announcing 2/12 reply, January 31, 2020

20200131121052148_California v. Texas – Letter waiving 14-day waiting period FINAL

House letter requesting 2/5 distribution, and announcing 2/12 reply, January 31, 2020

20200131132928212_19-841 – Letter Waiving 14-Day Waiting Period

California letter waiving right to respond to House, February 3, 2020

20200203115803939_U.S. House of Representatives v. Texas – State Letter Acquiescing in Petition FINAL

Texas cert opposition, February 3, 2020

20200203110430946_19-840_19-841_Brief in Opposition

Individual plaintiffs’ cert opposition, February 3, 2020

20200203153205201_Ind Respondents Brief in Opp

US cert opposition, February 3, 2020

20200203172754139_19-840 19-841 – Cal House v Texas

American Association of Physicians and Surgeons amicus, February 3, 2020


Feb 05 2020 DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 2/21/2020.

California reply, February 12, 2020

20200212114138583_California v. Texas – Reply Brief for the Petitioners FINAL FOR FILING PDF-A

US House reply, February 12, 2020

20200212134348878_19-841 – Cert Reply

Texas conditional cross-petition, No. 19-1019, February 14, 2020


US House waiver of right to respond to conditional cross-petition, February 18, 2020

20200218151009126_19-840 Letter re Cross-Petition

States’ waiver of right to respond to conditional cross-petition, February 19, 2020

20200219160742574_Texas v. California – State Cross-Respondent Response to Conditional Cross-Petition FINAL FOR FILING

Relists, February 24, 2020


Feb 24 2020 DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 2/28/2020


Feb 24 2020 DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 2/28/2020.

List, February 24, 2020


Feb 24 2020 DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 2/28/2020.




Civil cover sheet
Nimocks attorney appearance, 2/26/2018

Wallace intervention request, 3/1/2018


States’ opposition to Wallace intervention request, 3/22/2018

States op to Wallace intervention

Wallace intervention reply, 3/28/2018

Wallace intervention reply

Intervenor-defendants’ motion to intervene, 4/9/2018

Intervention exhibits part 1

interv exhibits 1

part 2

Interv exhibits 2

Proposed intervention order

proposed intervention order

Everything but the answer?


Intervenor-defendants’ answer, 4/9/2018

Intervenor-defendants’ answer

Intervenor-defendants’ motion to appear w/o local counsel, 4/9/2018

Plaintiffs’ response to Wallace, 4/18/2018

Joint motion for briefing schedule, etc., 4/23/2018

Joint Motion for Briefing Schedule, etc.

Amended complaint, 4/23/2018

Texas v. US ACA amended complaint

Beckenhauer attorney appearance, 4/23/2018

Without local counsel order, 4/24/2018

without local counsel order

Briefing schedule, 4/24/2018

18 CV 167 31 Order Granting in Part Joint Motion for Entry of Briefing Schedule and to Extend Time and Page Limits

Wallace anti-McCain motion, 4/26/2018

Plaintiffs’ PI motion and proposed order, 4/26/2018

Texas et al pi mo

Plaintiffs’ PI memo in support, 4/26/2018

Texas et al PI memo

Plaintiffs’ PI appendix, 4/26/2018, including Nantz declaration and Hurley declaration

Texas et al PI appendix

Intervenor-defendants’ request to expedite, 4/27/2018

US request for extension to respond to intervention, 4/27/2018

US request xt intervene

Order denying US motion for extension, 4/30/2018

Plaintiffs’ response to intervenor-defendants’ motion, 4/30/2018

Plaintiff States’ response to other states’ intervention

Order re timing of intervenors’ reply, 4/30/2018

Individual plaintiffs’ motion to appear without local counsel, 5/1/2018

Indiv plaintiffs no local counsel motion

Order allowing individual plaintiffs to appear without local counsel, 5/2/2018

McElvain attorney appearance, 5/2/2018

Citizens United, et al, amicus, 5/3/2018

Intervenor-defendants’ reply supporting intervention, 5/4/2018

Texas ACA interv reply

Proposed answer in intervention, 5/14/2018

Order granting intervention under 24(b), 5/16/2018

Order granting intervention

Wallace request default McCain, 5/16/2018

Kopplin attorney appearance, 5/16/2018


W G Hall Quickway intervention papers, 5/21/2018

Order expediting briefing on WGH Q motion, 5/22/2018

order expediting WGHQ briefing

State intervenors’ opposition to WGH Q motion, 5/31/2018

WGH Q reply supporting intervention, 6/4/2018

Shumate EA, 6/5/2018

Mauler EA, 6/7/2018


DOJ withdrawals, 6/7/2018


Intervenor-Defendants’ PI opposition, 6/7/2018

Intervenor-Defendants PI op

Intervenor-Defendants’ proposed denial order, 6/7/2018


Materials cited by intervenor-defendants:

Senate Finance open executive session, 11/15/2017

11-15-17 — The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act — Day 3-1

163 Cong. Rec. S7383 (Nov. 29, 2017) (Sen. Moore Capito)

163 Cong. Rec. S7383

163 Cong. Rec. S7666 (Dec. 1, 2017) (Sen. Scott)

US response to preliminary injunction motion, 6/7/2018

US request for extension of time to answer, 6/7/2018

Letter to Paul Ryan from AG Sessions, 6/7/2018 (link in Texas v. US extension request)

Letter to Nancy Pelosi from AG Sessions, 6/7/2018 (not filed in Texas v. US?)

AG Letter to the Hon. Nancy Pelosi

Order accepting attorney withdrawals, 6/8/2018

Order extending time to answer, 6/8/2018

AMA amicus filings, 6/13/2018



AARP filing, 6/14/2018



Adler Bagley Gluck Somin Walsh amicus filing, 6/14/2018

AHIP amicus filings, 6/14/2018



American Cancer Society amicus filings, 6/14/2018

American Cancer Society


American Hospital Ass’n amicus filing, 6/14/2018


Economic Scholars amicus filings, 6/14/2018

Economic Scholars


Families USA amicus filings, 6/14/2018

Public Health Scholars filing, 6/14/2018

SEIU amicus filings, 6/14/2018



Small Business Majority Foundation filing, 6/14/2018

Order denying employers’ intervention, 6/15/2018


Wallace extraordinary motion, 6/15/2018

States op to Wallace intervention

Plaintiffs’ opposition to Wallace motion, 6/20/2018

pltf op to s


Wallace reply, 7/2/2018

Wallace motion (intervention?), 7/2/2018


Texas preliminary injunction reply plus appendix, 7/5/2018

Texas PI reply plus appendix


James Blumstein WSJ column, referred to in the reply brief, 9/18/2017

How to End ObamaCare in Two Pages – WSJ


Order setting deadline for additional submissions, 7/16/2018

Order re additional info submission


Texas op to Wallace, 7/23/2018


Meadors amicus, 7/26/2018


Texas supplemental brief, 7/30/2018

California supplemental brief, 7/30/2018

Wallace reply, 8/3/2018


Order setting oral argument for 9/10, 8/14/2018

Unopposed motion to reschedule oral argument, 8/16/2018


Order partially granting motion and rescheduling oral argument to September 5, 8/19/2018

Transcript of preliminary injunction hearing, 9/5/2018

State of Texas v. HHS

Corrected transcript

State of Texas v. United States (preliminary injunction)

Letter to General Sessions from Sen. Collins, 6/27/2018 (referred to in California’s argument, Tr. 131-32)

2018-06-27 Sessions ACA Letter signed

Nimocks withdrawal, 9/18/2018, and order, 9/20/2018

nimocks withdrawal 9 18 18

nimocks withdrawal order 9 20 18

Maine AG letter re Gov. LePage, dated 11/15, filed 11/16/2018

Maine AG v. Gov. LePage


Partial summary judgment decision, 12/14/2018

Texas v. US partial summary judgment decision

Order for scheduling proposals, 12/16/2018

Texas v US ACA order to propose schedule


Intervenor-defendants’ motion for expedited consideration, clarification or stay, and 54(b), 12/17/2018, with Fifth Circuit opinion in Hotze v. Burwell

intervenor defendants motion for stay and clarification

5C opinion

Order setting response deadlines, 12/18/2018

Order for responses

US response to intervenor-defendants’ motion, 12/21/2018

US response to intervenor def motion

Plaintiff States’ response to intervenor-defendants’ motion, 12/21/2018

Plaintiff States’ response to intervenor def motion

Intervenor-defendants’ reply, 12/26/2018

intervenor def stay 1292 b reply

Wisconsin AG proposed withdrawal, 12/28/2018

wisconsin atty withdrawal

54(b) opinion, 12/30/2018

Opinion on 54 b

Referred to in the opinion: Josh Blackman, “Undone,”

8/18/18 draft


11/17/18 draft

SSRN-id3234405 11 17 18 draft

54(b) judgment on Count I, 12/30/2018

Final judgment on Count I

Order allowing Wisconsin attorney withdrawal, 12/30/2018

12/30/2018 222 ELECTRONIC ORDER granting 219 Motion to Withdraw as Attorney. Attorney Kevin Michael LeRoy and Misha Tseytlin terminated (Ordered by Judge Reed C. O’Connor on 12/30/2018) (Judge Reed C. O’Connor) (Entered: 12/30/2018)

Stay order and administrative closure, 12/31/2018

stay and administrative closure order 12 31 18


Intervenor-defendants’ notice of appeal, 1/3/2019

Intervenor-defendants’ notice of appeal


US House motion to intervene, proposed answer, and proposed intervention order, 1/3/2019

texas v. us house motion to intervene

texas v. us house proposed answer

texas v. us house proposed interv order


US notice of appeal, 1/4/2019

us notice of appeal 1 4 19

US request for stay of proceedings on US House motion to intervene, 1/4/2019

us request for stay on house motion 1 4 19

Order staying briefing on US House motion to intervene, 1/8/2019

order staying briefing on house motion to intervene


Fifth Circuit # 19-10011

Intervenor-defendants’ notice of appeal, 5C 1/7/2019

5c intervenor-defendants’ notice of appeal

US notice of appeal, 5C 1/7/2019

5c us notice of appeal

US House motion to intervene, Fifth Circuit, 1/7/2019

5c us house motion to intervene

US motion for stay, Fifth Circuit, 1/8/2019

5c us motion for stay

Fifth Circuit stay order, 1/11/2019

stay order 19-10011_documents

US motion to lift stay, 1/28/2019

5c us mo to lift stay

Order setting deadline for intervention response, 1/29/2019

01/29/2019 RESPONSE DUE to Motion to intervene [8954363-2]Response/Opposition due on 02/08/2019 [19-10011] (RAJ) [Entered: 01/29/2019 09:59 AM]

Colorado, Iowa, Michigan, and Nevada motion to intervene, 1/31/2019


Intervenor-defendants’ motion to expedite appeal, 2/1/2019

5C intervenor-defendants’ motion to expedite

Plaintiffs’ unopposed motion to dismiss the Maine Governor, 2/6/2019

5C unopposed mo exit lepage

US opposition to US House motion to intervene, 2/8/2019

5C US op to US House interv

Plaintiff-appellants’ opposition to motion to expedite appeal, 2/11/2019

5C pltf op to motion to expedite

Fifth Circuit scheduling order, 2/12/2019

5C briefing order

US House reply in support of intervention, 2/13/2019

5C US House interv reply

Order denying motion to expedite, granting Colorado intervention, 2/14/2019

5C order denying motion to expedite, granting Oregon motion to intervene


Order granting House motion to intervene, 2/14/2019

5C order granting US House motion to intervene

Motion to dismiss former Gov. LePage from appeal, 2/25/2019

5C unopposed mo to dism LePage

Order declining to rule re Mills, 2/25/2019

5C order denying to rule on Mills

Order dismissing LePage, 2/26/2019

5C LePage dism order

Cutler filing, and bounceback, 3/7/2019

5C Cutler filing

Wisconsin AG reappearance, 3/18/2019

Wisconsin AG reappearance

Wisconsin motion to dismiss Wisconsin, 3/21/2019

Wisconsin motion to dismiss itself

Trial level: Wisconsin motion to dismiss Wisconsin, 3/21/2019

Global Challenge Wisconsin motion to dismiss itself

Intervenor-defendants’ opening brief, 3/25/2019

5C intervenor defendants opening brief

House of Representatives’ opening brief, 3/25/2019

5C House’s opening brief

Cited in House brief: Eibner and Nowak, “The Effect of Eliminating the Individual Mandate Penalty and the Role of Behavioral Factors,” July 2018



US letter on change of position, and excerpts of record, 3/25/2019

DOJ anti-ACA letter 3 25

US record excerpts

5C Wisconsin corrected unopposed motion to dismiss itself, 3/27/2019

5C Wisconsin unop mo to dismiss itself

Trial level Wisconsin unopposed motion to dismiss itself, 3/28/2019

Wisconsin unop mo to dism itself


Adler Bagley Gluck Somin amicus, 4/1/2019

5C Adler Bagley Gluck Somin amicus

Alliance of Community Health Plans amicus, 4/1/2019

5C Alliance of Community Health Plans amicus

American Ass’n of People with Disabilities amicus, 4/1/2019

5C American Ass’n of People with Disabilities amicus

AARP amicus, 4/1/2019

5C AARP amicus

American Cancer Society amicus, 4/1/2019

5C American Cancer Society amicus

AHIP amicus, 4/1/2019

5C AHIP amicus

American Hospital Ass’n amicus, 4/1/2019

5C American Hospital Assn amicus

AMA amicus, 4/1/2019

5C AMA amicus

Bipartisan Economic Scholars amicus, 4/1/2019

5C Bipartisan Economic Scholars

BC BS Ass’n amicus, 4/1/2019

5C BC BS Assn amicus

Bray McConnell Walsh amicus, 4/1/2019

5C Bray McConnell Walsh amicus

Dellinger Laycock amicus, 4/1/2019

5C Dellinger Laycock amicus

Families USA amicus, 4/1/2019

5C Families USA amicus

First Focus amicus, 4/1/2019

5C First Focus amicus

483 Tribal Nations amicus, 4/1/2019

5C 483 tribal nations amicus

HCA Healthcare amicus, 4/1/2019

5C HCA Healthcare amicus

National Women’s Law Center amicus, 4/1/2019

5C National Women’s Law Center amicus

Ohio Montana amicus, 4/1/2019

5C Ohio Montana amicus

Severability law review articles cited in the Ohio Montana amicus

Frank H. Easterbrook, Statutes’ Domains, 50 U. Chi. L. Rev. 533 (1983)

Statutes Domains

David H. Gans, Severability as Judicial Lawmaking, 76 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 639 (2008)


John Harrison, Severability, Remedies, and Constitutional Adjudication, 83 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 56 (2014)


Brian Charles Lea, Situational Severability, 103 Va. L. Rev. 735 (2017)


Jonathan F. Mitchell, The Writ-of-Erasure Fallacy, 104 Va. L. Rev. 933 (2018)


Mark L. Movsesian, Severability in Contracts and Statutes, 30 Ga. L. Rev. 41 (1995)

Severability in Statutes and Contracts

Saikrishna B. Prakash & John C. Yoo, The Origins ofJudicial Review, 70 U. Chi. L. Rev. 887 (2003)

The Origins of Judicial Review

Kevin C. Walsh, Partial Unconstitutionality, 85 NYU L. Rev. 738 (2010)


Small Business Majority Foundation amicus, 4/1/2019

5C Small Business Majority amicus

24 state hospital associations amicus, 4/1/2019

5C 24 State hospital associations amicus

34 [or 35?] Counties Cities and Towns amicus, 4/1/2019

5C 34 Counties Cities and Towns amicus

Trial level Wisconsin dismissal order, 4/2/2019

Wisconsin dismissal order

Appellees’ unopposed request for extension of time to 5/1, 4/5/2019

5C appellee unopposed xt request

Order striking First Focus amicus brief, 4/8/2019

5C order striking First Focus amicus brief

Order granting extension request, 4/8/2019

5C appellee xt order

Unopposed US motion to expedite oral argument, 4/8/2019

5C US motion to expedite oral argument

Order dismissing out Wisconsin, 4/9/2019

5C order dismissing out Wisconsin

Order granting motion to expedite appeal, 4/10/2019

5C order granting motion to expedite

Shumate withdrawal, 4/11/2019

Shumate withdrawal

Shumate withdrawal (trial level), 4/11/2019

Shumate trial level withdrawal

Order allowing Shumate withdrawal, 4/12/2019

5C order allowing Shumate withdrawal

Order allowing Shumate withdrawal (trial level), 4/12/2019

Shumate withdrawal order

State appellees’ brief, 5/1/2019

5C appellees brief

CBO, Repealing the Health Insurance Individual Mandate: An Updated Estimate, November 2017


5C US brief, 5/1/2019

5C US brief

Individual appellees’ brief, 5/1/2019

5C individual appellees’ brief

Foundation for Moral Law amicus brief, 5/6/2019

5C Foundation for Moral Law amicus

American Ass’n of Physicians and Surgeons amicus brief, 5/8/2019

5C AAPS amicus

American Center on Law and Justice amicus brief, 5/8/2019

5C ACLJ amicus

Citizens United amicus brief, 5/8/2019

5C Citizens United amicus

Intervenor-defendants’ reply brief, 5/22/2019

5C intervenor defendants reply brief

House intervenor’s reply brief, 5/22/2019

5C House reply brief

05/23/2019 CASE CALENDARED for oral argument on Tuesday, 07/09/2019 in New Orleans in the West Courtroom — PM session. In accordance with our policy, lead counsel only will receive via email at a later date a copy of the court’s docket and an acknowledgment form. All other counsel of record should monitor the court’s website for the posting of the oral argument calendars.. [19-10011] (SME) [Entered: 05/23/2019 11:08 AM]

Intervenor-defendants’ unopposed motion for additional oral argument time, 6/3/2019

5C Texas v US unop mo addl oral argument time

Order granting additional argument time, 6/4/2019

5C addl OA time order

Appellants’ letter re dividing oral argument time, 6/21/2019

5C appellants letter re OA time

Order requesting additional briefing on standing, 6/26/2019

Document 45

5C order for standing briefing

Cases cited in Fifth Circuit order for standing briefing

Va. House of Delegates v. Bethune-Hill, No. 18-281 (U.S., June 17, 2019)


United States v. Windsor, 570 U.S. 744 (2013)

U.S. Bancorp Mort. Co. v. Bonner Mall P’ship, 513 U.S. 18 (1994)

US Bancorp

United States v. Munsingwear, Inc., 340 U.S. 36 (1950)

US v Munsingwear

Plaintiff States’ postponement request, July 1, 2019

Plaintiff states’ postponement request

Intervenor-defendant States’ postponement opposition, July 1, 2019

Intervenor defendants’ op to postponement

Order, July 2, 2019


5C order rescheduling standing briefing

US supplemental brief, July 3, 2019

Document 56

US supplemental brief 7 3 19

Private plaintiffs’ 28(j) notice (census case), July 3, 2019

Document 57

private plaintiffs 28 j notice census case

House’s 28(j) response, July 5, 2019

5C House 28 j census

Plaintiff states’ 28(j) filing, July 5, 2019

5C state plaintiffs 28 j census

Intervenor-defendants’ supplemental brief, July 5, 2019

5C intervenor defendants supplemental brief

House supplemental brief, July 5, 2019

5C House supplemental brief

State plaintiffs’ supplemental brief, July 5, 2019

Plaintiff states’ supplemental brief

Individual plaintiffs’ joinder in state plaintiffs’ supplemental brief, July 5, 2019

5C indiv plaintiffs supplemental

Oral argument audio, July 9, 2019

19-10011 07/09/2019 State of Texas, et al v. USA, et al August E. Flentje-
Kyle Douglas Hawkins-
Robert E. Henneke-
Douglas Neal Letter-
Samuel Siegel-

Uncorrected transcript, with corrections appended


Uncorrected transcript — MR changes



Fifth Circuit opinion, December 18, 2019

5th Circuit Opinion

Fifth Circuit judgment, December 19, 2019

5C judgment

Kentucky motion to substitute, December 19, 2019

5C Kentucky motion

Fifth Circuit opinion with technical revision, December 20, 2019

Fifth Circuit opinion technical revisions 12 20

Intervenor defendants’ notice re intent to seek cert, December 20, 2019

Interv def notice re intent to seek cert

Cutler motion to transfer case to Pennsylvania, December 30, 2019

Cutler motion to transfer to PA

Cutler certificate of service

Order denying Cutler motion, January 2, 2020

Order denying motion to transfer venue

Fifth Circuit mandate, February 6, 2020

5C mandate 2 6 20



Severability Briefing from NFIB

US Severability Brief

US Severability Reply Brief

States’ Severability Brief

States’ Severability Reply Brief

Private Plaintiffs’ Severability Brief

Private Plaintiffs’ Severability Reply Brief



Court Appointed Amicus’s Severability Brief


AARP Severability Brief


AHIP Severability Brief


American Civil Rights Union Severability Brief


American Center for Law and Justice Severability Brief


American Medical Student Association Severability Brief


American Public Health Association Severability Brief


Asian & Pacific Islander American Health Forum Severability Brief


David Boyle Severability Brief


California Severability Brief

Chamber of Commerce of the US Severability Brief

us chamber of commerce amicus

Competitive Enterprise Institute Severability Brief


Economists’ Severability Brief


Family Research Council Severability Brief


Justice and Freedom Fund Severability Brief


Members of US Senate Severability Brief


Michigan Legal Services Severability Brief


Missouri Attorney General Severability Brief


National Indian Health Board Severability Brief

11-39311-400bsacNationalIndianHealthBoard EtAl

National Restaurant Association Severability Brief


David R. Reimer Severability Brief


Texas Public Policy Institute Severability Brief


Washington & Lee School of Law Black Lung Clinic Severability Brief


Western Center for Journalism Severability Brief



NFIB Severability Oral Argument Transcript



NFIB Severability Opinions

NFIB (entire case, Westlaw version)

National Federation of Independent Business v Sebelius


NFIB severabiity (Roberts)-1



Joint dissent

11th Circuit


District court


Other ACA severability decisions

Virginia v. Sebelius, No. 3:10-cv-188 (E.D. Va., Dec. 13, 2010)


Goudy-Bachman v. U.S. DHHS, No. 1:10-cv-763 (M.D. Pa., Sept. 13, 2011)



Briefing on severability and related issues, Florida/NFIB (District Court)

US motion to dismiss, July 16, 2010 (see, e.g., pages 5, 35, 45-47)


States’ opposition to motion to dismiss, August 6, 2010 (see especially pages 6-8)


US reply supporting motion to dismiss, August 27, 2010 (pages 13-15)


District court order on motion to dismiss, October 14, 2010


States’ motion for summary judgment, November 4, 2010 (pages 45-49)


[Note: federal motion, same date, did not address severability]

States’ summary judgment opposition, November 23, 2010 (pages 49-50)


US summary judgment opposition, November 23, 2010 (pages 38-42)


States’ summary judgment reply, December 6, 2010 (pages 24-25)


[Note: the US summary judgment reply, same date, did not address severability]

Summary judgment order, January 31, 2011 (see pages 63-74)



Briefing on severability, Florida/NFIB (Eleventh Circuit)

US opening brief, April 1, 2011 (pages 54-62)

11C US opening brief

Private plaintiffs’ brief, May 5, 2011 (pages 59-62)

11C private plaintiffs brief

States’ brief, May 5, 2011 (pages 59-69)

11C states brief

US response/reply brief, May 18, 2011 (pages 56-62)

11C US reply brief


Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood post-Supreme-Court severability pleadings

546 U.S. 320 (2006)

Ayotte opinion

Defendants’ memo for partial summary judgment, July 12, 2019

Ayotte def ms psj 7 12 06

Plaintiffs’ objection and cross motion, October 2, 2006

Ayotte pltf objection to PSJ 10 2 06

Ayotte pltf x ms

Defendants’ opposition and reply, December 29, 2006

Ayotte def xms 12 29 06

Motion to dismiss case as moot, July 7, 2007

Ayotte m dism as moot


Supreme Court severability briefing in Seila Law LLC v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, No. 19-7

Oct 18 2019 Petition GRANTED. In addition to the question presented by the petition, the parties are directed to brief and argue the following question: If the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau is found unconstitutional on the basis of the separation of powers, can 12 U.S.C. §5491(c)(3) be severed from the Dodd-Frank Act?.
Oct 23 2019 Paul D. Clement, Esquire, of Washington, D.C., is invited to brief and argue this case, as amicus curiae, in support of the judgment below on the question presented by the petition.

Petitioner Seila Law LLC’s brief, December 9, 2019

20191209155012780_Seila Law brief for petitioner

Respondent CFPB’s brief, December 9, 2019


Buckeye Institute amicus, December 16, 2019

20191216165236745_19-7 tsac The Buckeye Institute

Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence amicus, December 13, 2019

20191213145447944_19-7 TSAC CCJ

Center for the Rule of Law amicus, December 16, 2019


Chamber of Commerce of the U.S. amicus, December 16, 2019

20191216162729434_19-7.Amicus Brief in Support of Petitioner

Collins amicus, December 16, 2019

20191216122131520_19-7 Amicus Brief of Patrick J. Collins et al.

Consumer Bankers Ass’n amicus, December 16, 2019

20191216135003908_Amicus Brief for Consumer Bankers Association-1

Credit Union Nat’l Ass’n amicus, December 16, 2019

20191216130514667_Seila Law – CUNA Amicus Brief ISO of Petitioner

Harpeth Financial Services amicus, December 16, 2019

20191216110937378_19-7 Amicus Brief of Harpeth Financial Services LLC-1

Senator Mike Lee amicus, December 16, 2019

20191216132105716_Lee Lankford Rounds Seila Law Amicus

Mortgage Bankers Ass’n amicus, December 16, 2019

20191216140130784_USSC 19-7 Amicus Brief TheMortgageBankersAssociation

Pacific Legal Foundation amicus, December 13, 2019

20191213165955631_Final AC Brief

RD Legal Funding Partners amicus, December 16, 2019


Texas amicus, December 16, 2019

20191216145555694_19-7 tsac States of Texas et al

27 Members of Congress amicus, December 16, 2019

20191216154202626_19-7 tsac Twenty-Seven Members of U.S. House

Court appointed amicus brief, January 15, 2020

20200115125557702_19-7 Seila Law LLC v. CFPB amicus br

[other amicuses]

US House amicus, January 22, 2020


Self-Help Credit Union amicus, January 22, 2020

20200122135107561_19-7 Amici Curiae Brief

NCLC amicus, January 22, 2020

20200122153516529_19-7 NCLC et al. Amicus Brief

Harrison amicus, January 22, 2020

20200122153742750_19-7 Amicus Brief Prof Harrison

New York amicus, January 22, 2020

20200122184406641_19-7_Amici Curiae Brief NY et al

US reply, February 14, 2020


Petitioner’s reply, February 14, 2020

20200214140648263_Seila reply brief of petitioner

Oral argument transcript, March 3, 2020



Fourth Circuit opinion, petition-stage briefing, and briefing in Barr v. American Ass’n of Political Consultants, No. 19-631

Fourth Circuit opinion

Fourth Circuit opinion

Cert petition

20191114172310115_Am. Assoc. of Political Consultants v. FCC and Barr – Pet

Cert response

20191204111511399_2019-12-04 AAPC Cert Resp Br

Cert reply

20191218152924906_AAPC Reply 19-631

Cert granted, 1/10/20

US opening brief, 2/24/20

20200224180850431_19-631 American Assoc of political

Electronic Privacy Information Center amicus, 3/2/20

20200302143155155_19-631 bsac Electronic Privacy Information Center

15 Members of Congress amicus, 3/2/20

20200302160731583_19-631 Amicus Brief

Indiana North Carolina amicus, 3/2/20

20200302150027705_Brief of Indiana North Carolina and 31 Other States In Support of Peti…

National Consumer Law Center amicus (supporting neither party), 3/2/20

20200302174541885_Amicus Brief NCLC Verizon CFA

National League of Cities amicus, 3/2/20


Public Citizen amicus, 3/2/20

20200302130630810_19-631 tsac Public Citizen

Retail Litigation Center amicus (supporting neither party), 3/2/20

20200302170803473_RLC and NRF Amicus Brief ISO Neither Party

Student Loan Servicing Alliance amicus, 3/2/20

20200302150620530_SLSA Amicus Brief 3.2.2020 Final

Respondents’ brief, 3/25/20

20200325144447175_2020-03-25 No. 19-631 Brief for Respondents

Cato amicus, 4/1/20

20200401140711787_Barr-Cato Amicus Brief Barr v AAPC

Chamber of Commerce of the US amicus, 4/1/20

20200401143229159_19-631 bsac Chamber of Commerce

Facebook amicus, 4/1/20

20200401131436358_19-631 Facebook Amicus

Healthcare Companies amicus, 4/1/20

20200401124814761_19-631_Amici Brief

Institute for Free Speech amicus, 4/1/20

20200401102912993_200310a IFS Amicus for efiling

Institute for Justice amicus, 4/1/20

20200401112650578_39697 pdf Gammon

Midland Credit Management amicus, 4/1/20

20200401151443197_19-631 bsac Midland Credit Management final

Retail Energy Supply Ass’n amicus, 4/1/20


Ass’n of Credit and Collection Professionals amicus letter in lieu of brief, 4/3/20

20200403151937935_Amicus Letter for ACA – AAPC case


Petition-stage briefing in Collins v. Mnuchin, No. 19-422

Petition, September 25, 2019

20190925131502103_Collins Petition–PDFA

Response, October 30, 2019

20191030143059542_19-422 Collins – Opp

Amicus, October 30, 2019

20191030091202201_Final Blackwells amicus – 19-422 – PDFA

Reply, November 12, 2019

20191113112833296_19-422 Reply Brief


Selected briefing and Fourth Circuit decision in West Virginia Coal Workers’ Pneumoconiosis Fund v. Stacy, No. 11-1020, 671 F.3d 378 (4th Cir. 2011)

WV CWP opening brief

4C Stacy WV CWP opening

Stacy response brief

4C Stacy Stacy brief

OWCP response brief

4C Stacy OWCP brief

Washington and Lee amicus

4C Stacy Washington and Lee Black Lung Clinic amicus

WV CWP reply brief

4C Stacy WV CWP reply




Miscellaneous severability materials

Hill v. Wallace, 259 U.S. 44 (1922)

Hill v Wallace

Railroad Retirement Board v. Alton R. Co., 295 U.S. 330 (1935)

Railroad Retirement Board v Alton R Co

Carter v. Carter Coal Co., 298 U.S. 238 (1936)

Carter v Carter Coal Co

King v. Burwell, 135 S.Ct. 2480 (2015)

King v Burwell

Murphy v. NCAA, 138 S.Ct. 1461 (2018)

Murphy v National Collegiate Athletic Assn

Murphy v. NCAA (Thomas concurrence)

Murphy (Thomas concurrence)

Harvard Law Review note on Murphy, November 2018




Standing materials

Eleventh Circuit Florida/NFIB standing ruling, August 12, 2011

11C Florida standing

District court Florida/NFIB standing ruling (2), from summary judgment order, January 31, 2011 (pages 14-18)


District Court Florida/NFIB standing ruling (1), from motion to dismiss order, October 14, 2010 (pages 30-37)



Merits Briefing from NFIB

US principal brief


Plaintiff States’ brief



US reply brief


Merits Oral Argument from NFIB



Anti-Injunction Act Oral Argument from NFIB



Seven-Sky v. Holder, No. 11-5047, 661 F.3d 1 (D.C. Cir. 2011)

Seven-Sky opinion


Declaratory judgment materials from Florida v. U.S.

Summary judgment order, January 31, 2011 (see page 75)


Final Summary Declaratory Judgment, January 31, 2011


Defendants’ Motion to Clarify, February 17, 2011


Order directing expedited filing of responses, February 18, 2011


Plaintiffs’ opposition to Defendants’ Motion to Clarify, February 23, 2011


Washington State amicus filing supporting continued ACA implementation, February 28, 2011


Defendants’ reply supporting motion to clarify, February 28, 2011


Order for clarification and granting stay pending appeal, March 3, 2011


Referred to in the order: Summary judgment order, January 31, 2011 (see page 75)


Referred to in the order: Defendants’ opposition to summary judgment, November 23, 2010 (see pages 42-44)



Presentations at the NAIC conference, August 5, 2018

S. 3388

Republican senators’ website statement (from Sen. Tillis’s website) on S. 3388

H.R. Res. 1066



H.R. Res. 1089



H.R. 6898



September/October 2019 Fifth Circuit materials

Severability: Collins v. Mnuchin, No. 17-20364 (5th Cir., Sept. 6, 2019)


Standing: Matter of Gee, No. 19-30353 (5th Cir., Oct. 18, 2019)




Other stuff, not filed in the case

CBO, Repealing the Health Insurance Individual Mandate: An Updated Estimate, November 2017 (emphasized in the States’s Fifth Circuit brief)


Letter from Congressman Nadler to Acting AG Whitaker, November 19, 2018

November Letter – ACA 11.19.18


HHS statement on Texas v. Azar, December 17, 2019



Stay-pending-appeal materials in Brackeen v. Zinke, No. 18-11479 (5th Cir.)

Opinion and final judgment, October 4, 2018

Brackeen v. Zinke ICWA opinion

Brackeen v. Zinke ICWA final judgment

Order denying stay, October 29, 2018

Brackeen v. Zinke ICWA denial of stay

Cherokee Nation motion for stay pending appeal, November 19, 2018

5C 18-11479 Cherokee Nation mo for stay pending appeal

Order requesting stay response, November 20, 2018

5C 18-11479 order requesting stay response

Brackeen stay opposition, November 27, 2018

5C 18-11479 Brackeen stay opposition

Order requesting stay reply, November 27, 2018

5C 18-11479 order requesting stay reply

US complaint re briefing schedule, November 29, 2018

Brackeen v. Zinke, US complaint about briefing schedule

US notice of appeal, November 30, 2018

Brackeen v. Zinke, US notice of appeal

Cherokee Nation stay reply, November 30, 2018

5C 18-11479 Cherokee Nation stay reply

Stay pending appeal, December 4, 2018

5C 18-11479 stay order

5C briefing schedule order, December 11, 2018

brackeen v. zinke 5c briefing schedule 18-11479_documents-1

US motion for extension of time to file opening brief, January 10, 2019

brackeen v. zinke icwa us motion for xt to file opening brief

Tribes’ opposition to US motion, January 10, 2019

brackeen v. zinke icwa tribes’ opposition to us xt motion

Fifth Circuit order granting extension, January 10, 2019

brackeen v. zinke 5c xt order 18-11479_documents

Fifth Circuit opinion in Brackeen, August 9, 2019

5C Brackeen opinion

Fifth Circuit opinion in Brackeen (with dissent), August 16, 2019

5C Brackeen opinion with Owen partial dissent 18-11479_Documents

Texas motion to extend time for filing rehearing en banc, September 13, 2019

5C Brackeen request for xt to file rhebfile0.232225714988214


Elena Hung’s written testimony, House Energy & Commerce hearing, 2/6/19


Simon Lazarus’s written testimony, House Energy & Commerce hearing, 2/6/19

Testimony-Simon Lazarus-Texas ACA Case-02-06-2019

Christen Linke-Young’s written testimony, House Energy & Commerce hearing, 2/6/19

Testimony-Christen Linke Young-Texas ACA Case-02-06-19

Tom Miller’s written testimony, House Energy & Commerce hearing, 2/6/19


Avik Roy’s written testimony, House Energy & Commerce hearing, 2/6/19

Roy House EC Testimony 2019-02-06 (Written)

Rough transcript, House Energy & Commerce hearing, 2/6/19

HIF037180 – HE – Hrg – 2019 Feb 06 – title correction – UNEDITED


Letters from House Democrats to AG Barr, Secretary Azar and Administrator Verma, and White House Counsel Cipolline, 4/8/19

4.8.2019 Letter to Barr re. ACA

2019-04-08.EEC Pallone Neal Scott Nadler to Azar-HHS Verma-CMS re ACA

2019-04-08.EEC Pallone Neal Scott Nadler to Cipollone-WH re ACA


Letter from Sens. Manchin and Collins to AG Barr, May 7, 2019

050719 Letter to Attorney General Barr re ACA


Letters from Democrats to AG Barr and White House Counsel Cipollone, May 13, 2019

Democrats’ letter to Barr

Democrats’ letter to Cipollone


Fifth Circuit case re standing, In re Gee, No. 19-30353 (5th Cir., Oct. 18, 2019)



News article re Jeffrey Cutler, tax collector, Dec. 11, 2018



Pleadings from Cutler v. Pelosi, No. 5:19-cv-834 (E.D. Pa.)

Complaint, Feb. 26, 2019



Remarks by President Trump, March 22, 2020

Remarks by President Trump




State of Maryland v. United States of America, No. 1:18-cv-2849 (D. Md.)
Complaint, September 13, 2018

Marylandv.United StatesACA


Maryland motion for preliminary injunction and to substitute defendant, November 13, 2018

PI and substitute defendant motion

Scheduling order, November 13, 2018

Scheduling order 11 13 18

Amended complaint, November 14, 2018

Amended complaint

Amended complaint (redline version)

Notice re summons, November 16, 2018

Maryland v. US notice re Rosenstein summons

Motion to dismiss amended complaint, November 16, 2018

Maryland v. US motion to dismiss

Letter re Michaels case, November 19, 2018

Maryland v. US notice re Michaels case

Rescheduling order, November 19, 2018


Whitaker filings: Judicial Watch, November 26, 2018


Whitaker filings: States, November 26, 2018

show_multidocs.pl 8

Whitaker filings: Constitutional Scholars, November 26, 2018


Whitaker filings: CREW, November 26, 2018

show_multidocs.pl 9

Whitaker filings: Rosenberg, November 26, 2018

show_multidocs.pl 10

Op to US motion to dismiss, December 3, 2018

Maryland v. US mo dism op

Whitaker filing: US op to preliminary injunction, December 3, 2018

Maryland v. US US PI op

Maryland v. US US PI op exhibit

Maryland conditional motion for amended complaint, with proposed amended complaint, December 3, 2018

Maryland v. US conditional amended complaint w mo

Maryland Whitaker PI reply, December 6, 2018

Maryland v. US anti Whitaker reply

Maryland US motion to dismiss reply, December 10, 2018

Maryland v. US US dism reply

US notice of Texas v. U.S. decision, December 14, 2018

US notice of Texas decision

Maryland supplemental brief on Texas v. U.S., December 18, 2018, with attachments

Maryland v. US Maryland supplemental brief

US supplemental brief on Texas v. U.S., December 18, 2018

Maryland v. US US supplemental brief

Maryland Whitaker Michaels notice, December 21, 2018

Maryland v. US Maryland Whitaker notice of Michaels filing

Order inviting further briefing, January 2, 2019

Order for further briefing 1 2 19

US motion for stay, January 3, 2019maryland supplemental brief

maryland v. us us motion for stay 1 3 19

Maryland opposition to stay, January 3, 2019

maryland v. us maryland opposition to stay 1 3 19

Order denying stay, January 3, 2019

maryland v. us order denying stay

US supplemental brief, January 9, 2019

us supplemental brief

Maryland supplemental brief, January 9, 2019

maryland supplemental brief

Opinion dismissing case, February 1, 2019

Opinion dismissing case

Order dismissing case, February 1, 2019

Order dismissing case


Not (yet) filed in the Maryland case:

Elijah Cummings, “Trump Administration Actions Threaten People with Pre-Existing Conditions,” October 2018

EEC Maryland State-Level ACA Report

Office of Legal Counsel memo on Whitaker, November 14, 2018



More on the Whitaker question

Motion to substitute in Michaels v. Sessions, No. 18-496, November 16, 2018


Complaint in Blumenthal v. Whitaker, No. 1:18-cv-2664 (D. D.C.), November 19, 2018